IoT and Blockchain for Smart Locks

Mayra Samaniego, Ralph Deters: IoT and Blockchain for Smart Locks. 2019 IEEE 10th Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (IEMCON) , IEEE, 2019, ISBN: 978-1-7281-2530-5.

Abstract

Community-based online platforms for hospitality services have connected hosts and guests globally. With the increasing popularity of those platforms - e.g., Airbnb - some management issues have attracted the attention of researchers - for instance, granting access to properties and rooms remotely, without requiring hosts and guests to meet in person. Solutions have been proposed - e.g., locks with pin pad and vendor centralized smart locks - but they usually have shortcomings that compromise either security, privacy, or convenience. This research designs and proposes a blockchain-based system for smart door locks to provide the convenience of remote access control management, while security and privacy for both hosts and guests are not compromised. Moreover, to surpass current locks' functionalities, this research proposes a feature that enables the guests to cease the hosts' access to the lock, during their stay. This feature also guarantees to the guest that no one will be able to change that access rule without their explicit approval. The proposed solution integrates Ethereum blockchain as the foundation of the system and uses Infura API as the bridge to connect the IoT infrastructure to the blockchain network. Such architecture alleviates hardware demand from the equipment, which can favor the use of resource-constrained IoT devices. Once Ethereum is used to build the solution, and users are charged fees to perform some actions in the blockchain, the system is evaluated concerning operation costs. Three Ethereum test networks - Ganache, Ropsten, and Rinkeby - were used to run the smart contract and assess the charge to complete significant actions in the system. The results show that the cost to use the smart lock is low, especially if the benefits of security, privacy, and convenience are taken into consideration. Most of the actions yielded fees about cents of a US dollar, where the exception is a one-time payment of USD3.83 - worst-case scenario - to deploy...

BibTeX (Download)

@conference{Samaniego2019c,
title = {IoT and Blockchain for Smart Locks},
author = {Mayra Samaniego and Ralph Deters},
url = {https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8936140
https://www.mayrasamaniego.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/IoT-and-Blockchain-for-Smart-Locks.pdf},
doi = {10.1109/IEMCON.2019.8936140},
isbn = {978-1-7281-2530-5},
year  = {2019},
date = {2019-10-17},
booktitle = {2019 IEEE 10th Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (IEMCON)
},
pages = {0262-0269},
publisher = {IEEE},
abstract = {Community-based online platforms for hospitality services have connected hosts and guests globally. With the increasing popularity of those platforms - e.g., Airbnb - some management issues have attracted the attention of researchers - for instance, granting access to properties and rooms remotely, without requiring hosts and guests to meet in person. Solutions have been proposed - e.g., locks with pin pad and vendor centralized smart locks - but they usually have shortcomings that compromise either security, privacy, or convenience. This research designs and proposes a blockchain-based system for smart door locks to provide the convenience of remote access control management, while security and privacy for both hosts and guests are not compromised. Moreover, to surpass current locks' functionalities, this research proposes a feature that enables the guests to cease the hosts' access to the lock, during their stay. This feature also guarantees to the guest that no one will be able to change that access rule without their explicit approval. The proposed solution integrates Ethereum blockchain as the foundation of the system and uses Infura API as the bridge to connect the IoT infrastructure to the blockchain network. Such architecture alleviates hardware demand from the equipment, which can favor the use of resource-constrained IoT devices. Once Ethereum is used to build the solution, and users are charged fees to perform some actions in the blockchain, the system is evaluated concerning operation costs. Three Ethereum test networks - Ganache, Ropsten, and Rinkeby - were used to run the smart contract and assess the charge to complete significant actions in the system. The results show that the cost to use the smart lock is low, especially if the benefits of security, privacy, and convenience are taken into consideration. Most of the actions yielded fees about cents of a US dollar, where the exception is a one-time payment of USD3.83 - worst-case scenario - to deploy...
},
keywords = {Access Control Management, application program interfaces, authorisation, Blockchain, building management systems, Community-based Online Platforms, data privacy, distributed databases, Ethereum, Hospitality Services, Internet of Things, service industries, Smart Lock},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {conference}
}

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